Water: A Precious Gift from God
The Pale Blue Dot
“Look again at that dot. That's here. That's home. That's us. On it everyone you love, everyone you know, everyone you ever heard of, every human being who ever was, lived out their lives. The aggregate of our joy and suffering, thousands of confident religions, ideologies, and economic doctrines, every hunter and forager, every hero and coward, every creator and destroyer of civilization, every king and peasant, every young couple in love, every mother and father, hopeful child, inventor and explorer, every teacher of morals, every corrupt politician, every 'superstar,' every 'supreme leader,' every saint and sinner in the history of our species lived there-on a mote of dust suspended in a sunbeam.”
The above excerpt is taken from Carl Sagan’s, Pale Blue Dot: A Vision of the Human Future in Space (1984). This book was inspired by an image of our planet Earth by the Voyager 1 space probe on February 14, 1990. The image was taken at the outer fringes of our solar system approximately 4 billion miles away. It had very little scientific value, but in the scattered light rays of our planet, there was an infinitesimally small pixel emitting a pale blue ray of light.
This image was intended to give us a perspective of how we are almost invisible and certainly insignificant within the immensity of outer space. But this pale blue dot contains something so unique and profound that cannot be found anywhere else in the Cosmos. It is the planet Earth - our home - and the home of all past generations, surrounded by an immense variation of living organisms on the land, air, and water. It’s an amazing place, and Sagan agrees.
It was Sagan’s suggestion to turn the Voyager 1 telescope around and take a picture. He did this without knowing what would be captured. Along with the Earth, Voyager 1 photographed Mercury, Mars, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. Mercury is so close to the Sun that it was lost in its glare. Pluto and Mars could not be found, because they were too tiny when compared to the other planets. The larger planets, Neptune and Uranus, reflected light that was so dim that they required longer exposure times and could not be captured in this photograph. Coupled with this, their images ended up being smeared due to the inherent movement of the Voyager space craft. How then did the Earth become visible in that scattered light ray? Was there some sort of special significance, because the Earth became visible as a pale blue dot billions of miles away? According to Sagan, it was “just an accident of geometry and optics.” It was the perfect time and place to take this photograph. To reproduce this image again would be nearly impossible.
Sagan contemplatively uses this unintended event as an opportunity to reflect on what this pale blue dot represents in the vastness of the universe. He expresses a sense of urgency, a personal warning, as he writes, “To me, it underscores our responsibility to deal more kindly with one another and to preserve and cherish the pale blue dot, the only home we’ve ever known.” The basic question Sagan poses is a reasonable one. Is mankind able to live together in harmony or are they going to annihilate themselves by destroying the Earth? As Sagan admits, there is no refuge in space; there is no habitable planet or moon for man to find a place of safety. If man chooses not to live in peace and wage war on humankind, there is no hope for the future. Sagan is an opportunist, and in his Pale Blue Dot, he perpetuates his materialistic hope in man’s search in the immensity of space. He passionately believes that beyond the Earth, in other worlds, we will find our eternal destiny. In his own words, Sagan muses, “what’s awaits us on them, what they tell us about ourselves, and - given the urgent problems our species now faces - whether it makes sense to go.” Sagan’s overriding theme is that man’s eternal hope is found in the stuff that the universe is made of.
The Godless Prophet
As a renowned skeptic and agnostic, Sagan’s Pale Blue Dot follows his well-known materialistic ideology that he has popularized. He was a prolific author winning a Pulitzer Prize. His book, Cosmos, brought him much attention including the production of the famous 1980 miniseries, Cosmos: A Personal Voyage. This ground-breaking production revealed that Sagan was a skilled communicator able to woo his audience with his magical charisma. The series was visually stunning and its special effects won two Emmys and a Peabody Award. It was widely broadcast on public television, reaching 500 million people in 60 countries. The celebrated words that revealed Sagan’s philosophical worldview appear in the opening of the series. Sagan tells us, “The Cosmos is all that is or ever was or ever will be.” He denounces an intelligent Designer, a divine Creator, and man as a special creation and image-bearer of God. He makes his anti-biblical views clear when he says in Pale Blue Dot, “The evidence, so far at least, and laws of Nature aside, does not require a Designer. Maybe there is one hiding, maddeningly unwilling to be revealed.”
There is an awesomeness and grandeur to the order of the Universe. It is easily observed as the heavenly bodies move about at unimaginable speeds, following specific pathways that demonstrate a divine plan. Sagan’s predecessors were impeccable astronomers and geniuses in the times they lived. Much of what we call science today rests upon their shoulders. They were so impressed by these laws that they concluded they had to be the work of a divine Lawgiver. Scientists like Sir Isaac Newton and Johannes Kepler acknowledged a divine Creator and thanked Him for His creation. Kepler sumarized this by stating, “Geometry is one and eternal shining in the mind of God. That share in it accorded to men is one of the reasons that Man is the image of God.” He found form and design everywhere. He concluded that his purpose in life was a journey, an exploration of the mind of the master Designer saying, “I am merely thinking God’s thoughts after Him.”
Unlike Newton and Kepler, when faced with the same manifestation of this highest cosmic order, Sagan chose to sarcastically deny the Creator. Instead, he turned his head and focused on the chaos and haphazardness in the universe. By its very nature, science is never stationary, it is dynamic. What might appear to be confusing and chaotic in the present will one day in the future become understandable. This historical characteristic indicates that science is a process. Because of his limited perspective and finite mind, Sagan failed to understand what he was observing. It is a humbling experience to see the grandeur of God’s creation. It should bring us to acknowledge that we cannot assume the position of a deity. Sagan had lost his perspective and, like so many other secular astronomers and scientists, he wanted to play God.
According to Sagan’s secular philosophical worldview, man is a perpetual wanderer. He sees man as being forged by pain and death through the process of natural selection. The following statement from the Cosmos television series defines the overarching theme that reveals Sagan’s motivation for his books and television program.
He reflects on man’s exploration of Mars stating, “Maybe we’re on Mars because we have to be, because there’s a deep nomadic impulse built into us by the evolutionary process, we come after all, from hunter gatherers, and for 99.9% of our tenure on Earth we’ve been wanderers.”
Sagan will mostly be remembered as the one who romanced us with imaginary stories about the heavenly bodies and the mysteries of space. Unfortunately, he has brought many people under his influence by spreading his godless philosophy. One constant throughout his lifetime was his belief that extraterrestrial life existed somewhere in the vast cosmos. Like so many others who are convinced that we are not alone, he was always excited about finding water on a planet. This was due to the fact that water is an essential element in life as we know it. It is not the source of life, and the complexity of life clearly demonstrates that it is impossible for chemicals to organize themselves into living systems. This has always been the evolutionist’s vain hope. It is based on an incredibly oversimplified myth saying that all you need is some water, some chemicals and a local star as a source of heat. He says that they just need to mix together for a couple million years and at some point life will spontaneously spring forth.
There is no evidence that life exists apart from Earth somewhere in outer space. Even more significant than life’s complexity are the conditions necessary for life to survive and thrive. These places are referred to as “habitable zones” and planets thought to be able to support life are called “goldilocks planets.” It makes perfect sense that these hopeful purveyors of these far-fetched scenarios are using terms from children’s stories to describe their fanciful ideas. The requirements for life to originate via natural processes is statistically nil. The only answer lies in an infinite and all-knowing Creator.
Blue Planet: A Gift from God
Why did the Earth appear as a pale blue dot from the depths of space billions of miles away? This amazing planet is covered on its surface with 71% water in the form of oceans, lakes, rivers, and glaciers. The blue color is caused by the reflection of the oceans against the sun. Although water is colorless as it appears in a glass, when viewed in large bodies of water like the oceans, it has a bluish hue. Viewing our planet from afar, you will see the reflected color of water. This bluish light reminds us that water is a truly unique and essential part of our atmosphere.
Sagan knew about the importance of water, because every living organism needs it to exist. There have been wild claims made that some forms of life can exist without water, but these are extremely subjective and they fall into the category of science fiction. Water’s molecular structure is purposely designed to support life, because it has the ability to transport particles and nutrients with an efficiency that is unparalleled. Our own anatomy gives testimony to this, because human beings are composed mostly of water. We are 70% water by weight and, under average conditions, we need to drink a minimum of 3 liters (3.2 quarts) a day to survive.
Along with being transparent, water is also a tasteless and odorless liquid which has a tremendous ability to attract and bond with other substances. This is seen in our oceans today that are filled with a great variety different salts and minerals. Water has the unique ability to bond with itself as it freezes from a liquid to solid ice. Again, because of water’s molecular structure and its ability to bond with itself, it results in an amazing variation of shapes and forms as demonstrated in the countless varieties of ice crystals (snowflakes). This kind of bonding in the water molecule when frozen makes its volume increase, giving the solid state (ice) the ability to float like ice cubes in a glass of water. If this property did not exist, the glaciers would sink, raising the water levels dramatically up to hundreds of feet above sea level.
Another design feature is that water is an extremely stable compound. It does not decompose like organic substances when you apply a great amount of heat. Instead, it absorbs a great deal of heat, becoming the Earth’s storage place. At high temperatures, it turns into gas but it still retains its molecular integrity. We recognize water in its gaseous state in clouds that fill the sky and in humidity in the air. Cloud cover is the real reason for global warming because it retains heat over the earth like no other substance. There are so many other unique chemical and physical properties in the molecule of water that any professional chemist would agree that the water molecule is the most remarkable material on earth. Its impeccable design can only come from the hand of God.
Unfortunately, like so many others, Sagan was amazed when the pale blue dot image appeared in the depths of space. He failed to realize the true significance of the event. The blue dot should remind us of our planet’s astonishing gift of life in all its fullness. Our planet is filled with all these remarkably designed requisites for life to continue. This can only come from an infinite and almighty Creator. This small pixel of an image demonstrates how God loves us and how His glory can be seen from billions of miles away. This is a very special place in the cosmos, blessed by God. The Almighty Himself reminds us in His Word:
“For this is what the LORD says – he who created the heavens, he is God; he who fashioned and made the earth, he founded it; he did not create it to be empty, but formed it to be inhabited – he says: ‘I am the LORD, and there is no other.’” - Isaiah 45:18
Living Waters: Intelligent Design in the Oceans of the Earth
There are incredible surprises in store for us as we venture into our planet's oceans in search of life. It is difficult to conduct a census of all the living marine species, because of the huge size of the ocean. New creatures continue to be discovered. The Smithsonian Museum of Natural History in its Census of Marine Life reported that in the past decade about 2,700 scientists from 80 countries reported 6,000 potential new species. These creatures, no matter how tiny they may be, exhibit immense complexity that all point to an intelligent Designer.
Illustra Media has just released a new video, LIVING WATERS: Intelligent Design in the Oceans of the Earth. It depicts flawlessly-designed animals in the ocean. There are beautiful scenes of the most popular marine creatures illustrating an intelligent plan that no rational person can deny. This resource speaks loudly for a Creator revealing the serious problems with the current evolutionary explanations.
For a donation of $35 or more in support of our ministry, we will make this DVD available to you as tool to strengthen your faith and to equip you to be a witness for Jesus Christ in this dark world.
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Executive Director of CSI