Challenges to the Big Bang Theory



Big Bang or Big Bust?

 


The big bang is the popularized version of evolutionary cosmology. It states that matter, energy, and space were all compressed many billions of times smaller than a proton and then exploded for some undetermined reason to create an expanding universe, which continues to spread today. There are presently some 50 theories proposed by cosmologists to explain the big bang, all of which are nothing but mathematical models. Why so many theories? It is apparent that the verdict is still out.

If the big bang is true, as presented by the cosmologists, they must have scientific ground to stand on. To propose that the universe came about by a big explosion has far-reaching implications that affect every human being. For cosmic evolution to be accepted, the questions below must be answered, not just with speculative theory or creative mathematical formulations, but with hard empirical evidence.

 
1. What Causes Particles of Matter to Coalesce Into Heavenly Bodies?
This basic question has to be answered. If the big bang caused matter and energy to separate and move outward at tremendous speeds, at some time that matter had to coalesce and come together. The explanation offered is that as cooling occurs, particles slow down and clump together. The problem is, however, that these celestial objects are moving at relatively high speeds away from each other. There is no empirical evidence to support the star formation theory proposed by evolutionary cosmologists. No star or galaxy has ever been seen to form in space from star gas. As Harvard astrophysicist, Abraham Loeb stated, “The truth is that we don’t understand star formation at a fundamental level.”1

2. Can an Explosion Produce Order?
The Second Law of Thermodynamics tends to bring a system to disorder. The cosmos is not exempt from the Second Law. When one observes the universe, the Second Law is apparent everywhere. The sun is wearing down slowly; stars are burning out and even exploding. It is obvious that the Second Law of disorder is here to stay.

Big bang theory contradicts the Second Law because it requires the universe as a whole to order itself over time. Now, the Second Law does allow order to increase in one area as long as another area becomes more random. But since there are no areas outside the universe (by definition), the cosmos must become less and less ordered over time.2 To believe otherwise is much like the expectation that dropping a nuclear bomb on a mountain will yield neat piles of earth rather than utter destruction. What we see in the universe is directly opposite to the expectation of evolutionary cosmologists. We observe a decaying universe whose overall order is in decline. Evolution cosmology directly defies this great law of science.


3. What was Before the Big Bang?
While some say that matter and energy are eternal and were always present, the question remains: Where did everything come from? It had to come from an outside source. How did it begin? Again, the answer is that an outside source initiated it. Everything observed has a beginning and an end. Matter and energy are no exceptions. The beginning came from an outside source: God.


4. Is Expansion of the Universe Observable?
Red shifts—the movement of light coming from objects in space to the red end of the spectrum—are regarded as evidence for the expansion of the universe. However, there are some 50 models for the process of expansion. There is confusion and little consensus on this issue. That is not surprising. After all, one is dealing with a gigantic universe from a limited frame of reference.

There are no clear answers at this time, just creative speculation. This is illustrated by cosmology’s concept for the beginning—what has been termed the ‘cosmic egg’. Never observed, the cosmic egg idea for the origin of the universe takes the universe backwards in time and shrinks all matter down many billions of times smaller than a single proton. The idea that all matter and energy could be collected in one place staggers the imagination and, of course, has no empirical foundation. Yet, there are mathematical models that depict the precise fraction of a second when this took place. This is presented as scientific fact and needs to be challenged.


“In the beginning God”
Big bang cosmology defies the Word of God. Genesis 1:1 and Hebrews 11:3 together indicate that God created all the components of the universe from nothing. We know that the God who created the universe is the sum total of rationality and logic. The Big bang, however, denies rationality and long-held scientific principles. It does demonstrate that evolution is based on an amazingly credulous faith. The facts do not support these far-reaching claims.

All heavenly bodies came into being on the fourth day of creation, according to the Genesis account. The Hebrew word for lights, maor, means luminous lights. It was on the fourth day that the nuclear furnaces of stars began to burn, producing heat and radiating the whole universe. The first light was not from the stars; it was from God. On the first day God spoke, “‘Let there be light,’ and there was light.” (Genesis 1:3).

Light is part of the electromagnetic spectrum, which includes gamma rays, x-rays, ultraviolet, infrared, microwave, and radio waves. When the first light came into the universe, it was accompanied with these other forms. The Creator, Jesus Christ, who spoke light into existence, would later, as he walked on earth, relate light to eternal life. He said, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life” (John 8:12).

The billions upon billions of stars in the cosmos are a majestic display. What is the purpose of all those stars and heavenly bodies? The Scripture points out very clearly that the purpose for the creation of the stars on the fourth day was to be “for signs and for seasons, and for days and years” (Genesis 1:14). A great astronomical clock that never fails was formed by God in the heavens for us to keep order and have dominion over God’s creation.

Not only do we have a timepiece to mark seasons, days, and years, but as God stated, we have ‘a sign’ to remind us of his everlasting presence—one marked in a heavenly realm that appears endless in size and space. The cosmos is filled with the evidence of God’s glory and sovereignty. It is a sign to man to remind him of his position in time and space as he probes the heavens with sophisticated telescopes. We are simply brought to our knees knowing that there is one far greater than us who created the magnificent universe. Big bang cosmology is not science, but a belief that attempts to deny to the Creator proper recognition for His most magnificent signs in the universe.

Lift up your eyes on high and see: who created these? He who brings out their host by number, calling them all by name, by the greatness of his might, and because he is strong in power not one is missing.
—Isaiah 40:26

Notes


1.Abraham Loeb, as cited by Marcus Chown, Let there be Light, New Scientist, Vol. 157, February 7, 1998, p. 30.
2.Carl Wieland, World Winding Down: Understanding the ‘Law of Disorder’—And how it demands a Creator, Creation Book Publishers, Powder Springs, Georgia, 2012.