DNA: An Information System that Defies Evolutionary Processes
How is the information made?
Information is derived simply from two base pairs of DNA. The base “A” (one side of the staircase) will always combine with “T” (the other side of the staircase), and conversely the “C” will always combine with “G”. The matching base pairs never change. The only changes are in the order in which they appear and the order determines what the DNA will produce in the biological world.
The code produces genetic information for proteins to do their work making cells to form a plant, frog, turtle, human or any living system. There are at least 50,000 different proteins in living systems. In DNA, the base pairs function in three groups. In threes, the information code is given to produce amino acids. The amino acids then bond together, usually in the thousands, to make the essential proteins which are essential for living systems.
How is the information stored?
The intelligence center of the cell is the nucleus. That is where the DNA is found. The DNA molecule is considered the greatest information unit known to man. The tiny DNA molecules are tightly wound up. For example, the E. coli chromosome has 300,000 twists in a microscopic space of 1100 microns. DNA’s information density is a staggering 1.88 X 1021 bits per cm3.
The sum of all human knowledge in all books is 1018 bits. All the libraries of the world combined could never match the amount of information in one cubic centimeter, or 0.4 of a cubic inch, of DNA. “The sum total of knowledge currently stored in the libraries of the world is estimated at 1018 bits. If this information could be stored in the DNA molecules, one percent of the volume of a pinhead would be sufficient for this purpose. If on the other hand, this information were stored with the aid of mega chips, we would need a pile higher than the distance between the earth and the moon.” Werner Gitt, Information, The Third Fundamental Quantity, (Lecture at 4th Europe Creationist Congress, 1990.)
Not only is DNA a magnificent information machine, it also has phenomenal replication accuracy. After all, its basic function is to transfer genetic information in order to continue living processes. Since cells make every living organism, it is of extreme importance that no information is lost in the duplication process. Cells, after they divide, must have identical genetic information without any transfer of mistakes. To replicate, the DNA molecule in a bacteria cell unravels at an amazing speed of 10,000 revolutions per minute.
Clearly DNA is the most advanced information system ever devised. These properties defy natural explanation and eloquently argue against the Theory of Evolution, however, the biblical explanation is confirmed by what we observe in nature. Every living thing reproduces itself “according to its own kind.” (Gen. 1:12) (Gen. 1:25) It is the Bible that confirms the truth that the Creator has designed the DNA molecule and He programmed it with the information necessary to life to “be fruitful and multiply.” (Gen. 8:17)