What is the quantum theory? Quantum theory is concerned with the emission and absorption of energy by matter and with the motion of material particles; the quantum theory and the theory of relativity together form the theoretical basis of modern physics.
The problem of galaxy formation lies in the idea that most cosmologists believe the big-bang universe began as a smooth distribution of matter, and now appears to have become clumpy with galaxies, super-galaxies, voids, clusters, walls, and sheets of galaxies etc.
The purpose of this paper is to present to the reader a foundation upon which to understand some of the basics of the Big Bang Theory. More specifically, it will be an attempt to describe in brief many of the major problems with the theory as well as define the terms used.