Astronomers and cosmologists are stunned by the latest pictures they have just received from the James Webb Space telescope characterizing them as “the impossible galaxies from the dawn of the universe.” Scientists have known that for Big Bang cosmology to be true, galaxies that are farther away are closer to the original Big Bang event.
Inflation is the predominant theory to explain the first moments of the universe after a proposed Big Bang took place. The theory of inflation holds that an instant after a big band -about a trillion of a trillion of a trillion of a second by some accounts, the universe rapidly expanded 101,000,000,000,000m, eventually settling for a slower rate of expansion.
One of the many questions that scientists try to answer is: “Where did matter come from?” According to the most popular theory today, all of the matter of the universe originated from light energy produced during the “Big Bang” some 13.7 billion years ago. But how could light become matter?
The big bang is the popularized version of evolutionary cosmology. It states that matter, energy, and space were all compressed many billions of times smaller than a proton and then exploded for some undetermined reason to create an expanding universe, which continues to spread today. There are presently some 50 theories proposed by cosmologists
Since we understand that there are several dozen models for the universe, we must conclude that it isn't an easy process to construct a cosmological model from our observations. Is it comparative to ten people observing an accident? Do we not often get ten different renditions of what happened? How much more difficult is it for ten scientists to look into the cosmos and tell us what happened after the fact.
What is Microwave Background Radiation (MBR)? Our universe according to the BB theory, began with what George Gamow called the "primeval fireball." During the first second of existence, the universe went through various changes. Over several thousand years, matter changed as space expanded and cooled.
What is the quantum theory? Quantum theory is concerned with the emission and absorption of energy by matter and with the motion of material particles; the quantum theory and the theory of relativity together form the theoretical basis of modern physics.
The problem of galaxy formation lies in the idea that most cosmologists believe the big-bang universe began as a smooth distribution of matter, and now appears to have become clumpy with galaxies, super-galaxies, voids, clusters, walls, and sheets of galaxies etc.
The purpose of this paper is to present to the reader a foundation upon which to understand some of the basics of the Big Bang Theory. More specifically, it will be an attempt to describe in brief many of the major problems with the theory as well as define the terms used.
The Big Bang is the popularized version of evolutionary cosmology. It states that matter, energy, and space were all compressed many billions of times smaller than a proton and then exploded for some undetermined reason to create an expanding universe which continues to spread today.