The structure of functional DNA, even in microorganisms, is so complex that even dedicated evolutionary scientists have serious doubts about the ability of the components of DNA to spontaneously form in nature via natural processes. Fred Hoyle wrote: The chance that higher life forms might have emerged in this way is comparable with the chance that ‘a tornado sweeping through a junk yard might assemble a Boeing 747 from the materials therein.’

In 1953, James Watson and Francis Crick were able to build upon the work of English chemist and X-ray crystallographer Rosalind Franklin. She made contributions to the understanding of the molecular structures of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), RNA (ribonucleic acid), viruses, coal, and graphite. Because Dr. Franklin died of cancer at the age of 37 in 1958, she was not honored along with Watson, Crick and British physicist and molecular biologist Maurice Wilkins who all shared the Nobel Prize for their

One of the most well-known monsters that has attracted much attention and terrified generation after generation is the grotesque, human-like creature that Dr. Victor Frankenstein, a young scientist, created with a mysterious, unconventional experiment. It has become one of the longest-standing popular fictional tales that almost everyone has experienced, bringing suspense and horror that is hard to forget. This story was first published in 1818, originally authored by Mary Shelley anonymously when she was only 20 with the title, Frankenstein: